The Italian “futuro semplice” is really simple. Quiz & Podcast.
Ciao a tutti!
We have two types of Italian futuro, depending on the action we want to describe.
The futuro semplice and futuro anteriore are tenses of the indicativo mood.
Let’s begin with the futuro semplice.
No surprises, it describes events in the future (will/going to…).
The futuro semplice is a very regular tense and verbs follow a quite easy pattern:
-are and -ere have the same ending.
That’s convenient, but confusing at times. For example, “I will eat” is io mangerò and not mangiarò.
Remember that FARE (to do), STARE (to stay) and DARE (to give) are irregular.
Essere and Avere, are irregular. Essere is pretty similar to fare stare and dare (sarò, sarai etc…).
Avere drops the first “E” and goes avrò, avrai etc… instead of averò, averai… This elision of the E is common to other important verbs, for example:
Finally, some irregular verbs are shortened and have a double RR. For example:
We can use the futuro semplice for making an assumption or a guess in the present. This is a rather peculiar use of the future tense, meaning “forse”, perhaps, maybe…
The futuro anteriore (or futuro composto) is a compound form of futuro. It’s the combination of the futuro of essere or avere and a participle. It’s a perfect tense, so it describes a complete action in the future.
Quando avrò finito di lavorare, tornerò a casa..
When I will be done with work, I’ll be back home. So, I imagine a complete action in the future (working).
The last example, is a guess, an assumption about a past event. –> Forse la macchina di Andreà è costata 50 mila euro.
So, the action is in the past and we use a future tense for making an assuption related to a past event. Sounds strange but it’s correct.
Please complete the quiz. Alla prossima!
Italian painting of today: Gian Lorenzo Bernini – Autoritratto – 1630 ca