Piacere and similar Italian verbs – Quiz

Learn how a small number of Italian verbs like “piacere” are different. With a quiz.

I hear this question quite often from my Skype students. How is “piacere” different compared to other Italian verbs? Well, it is very different. And other important verbs too.

I remember I wrote a blog about that a few years ago, but I believe it’s time to put together a more comprehensive guide with a final exercise.

Since “piacere” is one of the first verbs all students see in textbooks for beginners, I’m going to write this in English. Please feel free to correct my mistakes.

This lesson though is not just for beginners, as verbs change according to tenses and structures of a higher complexity. We’ll see some examples down below.

For the sake of simplicity, I will take “piacere” as an example and you can apply the same rules to similar verbs later on.

Let’s get started.

  • Mi piace la birra. —> I like beer.
  • Mi piacciono i libri. —> I like books.

I’m sure you came across a sentence like that when you started to learn Italian. Obviously, you just translated it into your language and put this “mi piace, mi piacciono” somewhere in your head. Let’s have a second look.

What is the subject here?

Beer and books are subjects of respectively piace and piacciono, not “io”.

  • Beer “is pleasing” to me.
  • Books “are pleasing” to me.

The structure of piacere is different

What we like or dislike is the subject and the person who likes or dislikes is an indirect object (mi, ti, gli/le, ci, vi, gli/a loro).

 

Often times in class, the use of “piacere” is limited to single pronouns, with little attention to plural indirect objects, because we tend to talk about ourselves or other individuals.


A sentence like “We like you (plural).” translates into:

  • Ci piacete.

Capito?

If we break down the pronoun and “stretch” the sentence to a more articulate version, we can reveal the subject and the object:

  • Voi piacete a noi.

So, there’s a way to “straighten” the sentence and make it look like a normal, linear phrase, but we (almost) never say it in real life. “Ci piacete” is easier.


Sometimes we really need to clarify who likes what, so instead of using a pronoun, we can say:

  • A Mario piacciono i dolci.
  • Alla mia famiglia piacciono le vacanze al mare.

You can try all different combinations of subjects and objects. Of course, native Italian speakers use this model of sentence without realising how complex this sounds to you.

Before proceeding further to see other verbs that behave like piacere, it’s important to point out that this set of rules has nothing to do with reflexive verbs.

I always hear  sentences like “Lui si piace”, which doesn’t mean “he likes”, but rather “he likes himself”. Funny, but incorrect.


Let’s try with a compound tense, for example the passato prossimo. We have a safe rule in this case. The auxiliary verb is always essere.

  • Vi è piaciuta la cena?  – Sì, ci è piaciuta.

Being “la cena” the subject in both, question and answer, the conjugation is the same.


  • Gli sarebbe piaciuto essere qui.

This one is an example of condizionale composto and retains essere, just like the passato prossimo. He would have liked to be here, so he’s not here.


  • Pensavamo che le piacesse correre.

If you have studied the congiuntivo, you can figure the meaning of this sentence and the logic behind it. “We thought she liked running”. The verb correre is the subject, while “le” tells us that lei (she) is the person we are talking about. This sentence means that she did not like running.


  • Se quella borsa ti fosse piaciuta, l’avresti già comprata.

Again, essere is the auxiliary verb of this periodo ipotetico. This is a congiuntivo trapassato (pluperfect). We can notice that “la borsa” is the subject, not “tu”, by the verb and the feminine piaciuta.


The examples above are just a fraction of all possible tenses and subjects we can use with piacere.

Let’s have a look at other verbs like piacere with different tenses and subjects. I’ll leave the translation to you.


bastare – to be enough

Ti basteranno i soldi per pagare l’affitto?


interessare – to interest

Quando mio padre era giovane, gli interessavano le macchine.


mancare – to miss

Da quando siete partiti, ci mancate molto.


occorrere – to need

Vi occorrerebbero molti giorni per finire quel lavoro.


parere – to seem

Mario mi pare un po’ stupido.


restare – to be left / remain

Credo che ti restino solo 10 minuti di pausa.


sembrare – to seem / look like

Ci sembrate stanchi.


servire – to need

Vi servirebbe il loro aiuto.


succedere

Speriamo che non vi succeda la stessa cosa.


 

Some of these verbs have a “conventional” structure as well as a version in line with that of “piacere”.

  • Stasera restano fuori a mangiare.
  • Ci restano solo i soldi per il taxi.

 

The following quiz contains questions of progressive difficulty. If you are a beginner, give it a try and write down the sentences you don’t understand. Studying this blog will come in handy in future. If you are an experienced student, do your best and try to score more points than the average. Log in if you want to get your score by email.

In bocca al lupo!

 

 

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Riccardo
Milanese, graduated in Italian literature a long time ago, I began teaching Italian online in Japan back in 2003. I usually spend winter in Tokyo and go back to Italy when the cherry blossoms shed their petals.

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Meredith
Meredith
3 years ago

Regarding the quiz: I am having difficulty understanding why one of these sentences uses the subjunctive when the other does not. Can you explain please?
‘Se ti serve una mano, fammi sapere.’
‘Se mi servisse il tuo aiuto, ti chiamerei.’
Thanks

Morena
Morena
Reply to  Riccardo
3 years ago

Thank you.

marthaowe
marthaowe
3 years ago

Una lezione eccellente, come al solito, ma forse addirittura migliore.

“on textbooks for beginners” >> “in textbooks for beginners”

Don`t copy text!
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