Learn the Italian imperative, the imperativo. Rules, examples and exceptions. PODCAST.
Ciao a tutti.
The imperativo is a mood of the Italian language. We use the imperativo to give orders, forbid, suggest, give advice.
The imperativo has just one tense and can be conjugated with TU, NOI and VOI. Other forms of the imperativo, notably the formal “Lei”, and Loro, complete the function of giving instructions and orders, but are a variation of the Congiuntivo, not imperativo, so I will not consider those here.
The imperativo is strictly related to the presente indicativo and mirrors its conjugations with remarkable exceptions. For example, in all the verbs of the -ARE conjugation, TU ends in -A and not in -I.
(tu) Parli (indicativo presente)
(tu) Parla (imperativo)
The negative form of the imperativo depends on the conjugation. The imperativo of TU is the negative of the infinitive. For example:
(tu) mangia! (eat)
(tu) non mangiare! (don’t eat)
Below, a simple recap followed by examples.
Important verbs like essere and avere are irregular. Examples below will help you to memorize the conjugations.
One last group of irregular verbs are truncated variations of the regular forms of TU in andare, dare, fare, stare and also dire, which is only truncated. Please note that those are apostrophes, not accents.
Va’ a scuola, è tardi.
Da’ una mano a Mario.
Fa’ del tuo meglio.
Di’ a Luca di venire a casa.
Sta’ qui, non ti muovere.
Grazie e a presto!