Italian irregular verbs (verbi irregolari) do not follow the rules of the conjugations. This is the first of eight parts about this topic. Learn the main Italian irregular verbs and solve the quiz.
It is very important to learn the main Italian irregular verbs. If you study Italian as second language, you normally conjugate verbs following precise rules. Those rules are not applicable here. That doesn’t mean that all the Italian irregular verbs are not predictable or do not follow any pattern. We can narrow down the possible scenarios as follows.
- Italian irregular verbs can be grouped by etymology, meaning that if they have the same root they most probably follow the same behaviour. For example, the irregular verb fare (to do, to make) and its “family” behave exactly the same way – disfare, rifare, stuperfare etc.
- Most irregular verbs are of the second conjugation – ere
- Some verbs have an irregular Participio Passato, a very important tense, because it is used to form all the compound tenses of all Italian verbal moods. So, please remember the past participle of irregular verbs.
We are going to exclude all the irregular verbs which, in our opinion, aren’t of common use or may be confusing for foreign students.
Rules of this post:
We are going to exclude all the Italian irregular verbs which, in our opinion, aren’t of common use or are confusing for foreign students approaching this topic. If you want to add some other verbs, please tell us in the comments, we’ll consider your request. We have divided this topic in eight installments for the sake of simplicity and for giving you some time to digest it. We are going to repeat this introduction for every installment, so that you wont’ need to go back and forth for finding basic information about Italian irregular verbs.
In this first installment we’ll have a close look at the family of verbs of the first conjugation – are. There aren’t many irregular verbs in -are, but they are all very common and important.
We’ll show you the conjugation of the main verb, you can imagine the others having the same root.
- Andare – other verbs: riandare
- Dare – other verbs: ridare
- Fare – other verbs: assuefare; contraffare; disfare; liquefare; rifare; soddisfare; sopraffare; strafare; stupefare;
- Stare – soprastare: sottostare
Let’s have a look at their irregular conjugations. We take for granted you know the personal pronouns are io, tu, lui/lei, noi, voi, loro.
- Presente: vado, vai, va, andiamo, andate, vanno
- Futuro: andrò, andrai, andrà, andremo, andrete, andranno
- Congiuntivo presente: vada, vada, vada, andiamo, andiate, vadano.
- Condizionale presente: andrei, andresti, andrebbe, andremmo, andreste, andrebbero
- Imperativo: vai, andate
- Presente: do, dai, dà, diamo, date, danno
- Passato remoto: diedi, desti, diede, demmo, deste, diedero
- Futuro: darò, darai, darà, daremo, darete, daranno
- Congiuntivo presente: dia, dia, dia, diamo, diate, diano
- Congiuntivo imperfetto: dessi, dessi, desse, dessimo, deste, dessero
- Condizionale presente: darei, daresti, darebbe, daremmo, dareste, darebbero
- Imperativo: dai, date
- Presente: faccio, fai, fa, facciamo, fate, fanno
- Imperfetto: facevo, facevi, faceva, facevamo, facevate, facevano
- Passato remoto: feci, facesti, fece, facemmo, faceste, fecero
- Futuro: farò, farai, farà, faremo, farete, faranno
- Congiuntivo presente: faccia, faccia, faccia, facciamo, facciate, facciano
- Congiuntivo imperfetto: facessi, facessi, facesse, facessimo, faceste, facessero
- Condizionale presente: farei, faresti, farebbe, faremmo, fareste, farebbero
- Imperativo: fai, fate
- Participio presente: facente
- Participio passato: fatto
- Gerundio: facendo
- Presente: sto, stai, sta, stiamo, state, stanno
- Passato remoto: stetti, stesti, stette, stemmo, steste, stettero
- Futuro: starò, starai, starà, staremo, starete, staranno
- Congiuntivo presente: stia, stia, stia, stiamo, stiate, stiano
- Congiuntivo imperfetto: stessi, stessi, stesse, stessimo, steste, stessero
- Condizionale presente: starei, staresti, starebbe, staremmo, stareste, starebbero
- Imperativo: stai, state
A few notes.
All the conjugations in one syllable come without an accent. For example we say lui va and not lui và, lei fa and not lei fà. You can see in other blogs and language forums (even in textbooks!) and quite sadly also Italian people spelling those verbs with the accent. If you see that, point it out, if your teacher makes this terrible mistake, consider changing teacher! The only exception is the verb dare, where lui/lei dà is correct with the accent.
The verb Stare is very important. Memorize it! it will come in handy when you will need to construct the Italian progressive form with the gerundio. “I am going” in Italian is Io sto andando, with the verb “stare” instead of “essere”.
The verb Fare comes from the late Latin Facere, second conjugation -ere, so it retains a lot of characteristics of the “ere” verbs. You can see it in the conjugation of the imperfetto, which is “io facevo” and not “io facavo” etc.
Please have a second look at the verbs above before trying to solve today’s language quiz.
We hope this post about Italian irregular verbs and the quiz were interesting. Please add your comments or any other Italian irregular verb in -are.
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