The Avverbi, Italian adverbs, help to clarify the meaning of verbs, other adverbs, or whole sentences. A complete guide.
The Italian word avverbio comes from the Latin ad verbum, “near the verb”, so the function of adverbs, in any language, is to articulate better the meaning of a verb, or even an entire sentence.
According to their structure, we can talk about:
- Avverbi semplici: born as adverbs, not deriving from other words. Mai, forse, bene, male. etc.
- Avverbi derivati: coming form other words, usually adjectives, with the addition of the suffix – mente (in English -ly). Chiaro (clear) -> chiaramente (clearly).
- Avverbi composti: coming from combination of words. Da+per+tutto = dappertutto (every + where = everywhere).
The easiest way to understand and classify Italian adverbs is by their function. I’m going to write just a few examples only in Italian. Your job will be to understand them.